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1851 10¢ - #13

The value of the stamps Statistics and facts about the stamp
what you should look for how the stamp was made
Varieties of the stamp the making of the stamp

The Value of the Stamp

10¢ - Green, dark green or yellowish green - Type I
Shells at lower corners nearly complete, bottom line almost complete.
Outer line broken, middle of top label

500,000 - Imperf - Scott #13 - 1855

Deduct 40% for pen cancels for three margins, deduct 40% of three margins,
60% for two margins and for no margins deduct 80%

Value

(with 4 margins around the design)
Used: $200-$375
No postmark with gum (MH): $3,500-$7,750
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): Does not exist

Statistics

Date of Issue: May, 1855

Earliest Known Date of Use:
July 30th, 1855

13 earliest date of use, United States Postage Stamps
The earliest known date of use cover

Plate Size: Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100). Only one plate was used, plate #1.

Printer: Toppan, Carpenter, Casilier & Co. using the die-to-relief-to-plate transfer process.

Watermark: None

Quantity Issued: 500,000

Use: The Letter Rate for distances greater than 3,000 and under ½ oz was 10¢, the domestic rate for letters over ½ oz. Because of this the 10¢ stamp was relatively common. Not only used for foreign mail, it was used for coast to coast mail when the rate for the latter was raised from 6¢ to 10¢ in 1855.


What you should look for

Identifying #13
(a type I printing)

13 identification guide - Scotts - US Postage Stamps

All the ten cent stamps were printed from just one plate, plate #1.

13 plate positions US stamps

Click the chart above for a full scale chart of the plate positions

As from the chart supplied with this website , #13 or Type I stamps (also known as 'relief C' stamps) came from the bottom row of plate 1. Therefore it follow that one in ten 10¢ stamps you come across will be type I.

The stamps come in a whole range of greens, ranging from light green to dark green. The darker the shade of green, the more desirable.

The 10¢ value was printed with wider spaces between the stamps than the 1¢, 3¢ and 5¢ values, consequently copies with less than four margins are sold at a heavy discount.

CANCELS

Because this stamp was used mainly for foreign mail expect to see quite a few red transit cancels. West coast cancels are rare and add a price premium. Grid and circular date cancels are the most common, with the Boston grid 'PAID' cancel. New York and New Orleans cancels being the most prevelant of these.

13 fancy cancel Scotts - US Postage Stamps

A rare fancy cancel
Fancy cancels are are rare on all imperfs

14 transit mark Scotts - US Postage Stamps

An example showing a red transit mark
Transit marks add interest but rarely do they add value

The Inspiration for the Design

gilbert stuart george washington portrait

George Washington 1743-1826
painted by Gilbert Stuart 1755-1799
Known as the The Athenaeum it was painted in 1796 by Gilbert Stuart

Perhaps the most famous portrait in the US, probably due to the fact that it's presence graces the front of the $1 bill, this portrait was in fact unfinished at the time of Gilbert's death in 1828. It now hangs in the Boston Museum of Fine Art (Gilbert was one of Boston's more famous sons).

An excellent website on this portrait can be found here.

gilbert stuart self portrait
Gilbert Stuart Self Portrait

Varieties to look for

Position #99L

13 position 99 US stamps
Position #99L

13 strip Scotts - US Postage Stamps
Positions #96L to #100L

I have been unable to find a large image of position #99L showing the detail of the left X, however close examination will reveal a printing flaw, resembling a curl in the left X. This is the only variety of type I (#13).

Position #99L

13 position 99 US stamps

 




The Essay's and Proofs

Time has left us with just three essays of the 10¢, none of which have I seen come up for auction in the last thirty years. I do have an image of a rare trial proof, seen below.

13-TC1
Large die trial color proof
India Paper


1851 US Postage Stamps 5 US 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 5A 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6b 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 7 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8A 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 9 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1851 US Postage Stamp Essays