1857 US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 US Postage Stamp Essays

1857 1¢ - #18
The value of the stamps Statistics and facts about the stamp
what you should look for how the stamp was made
Varieties of the stamp the making of the stamp

The Value of the Stamp

US 18
1¢ - Blue - Type I
The most complete design of all the types.
The design is complete at top, bottom and sides.
Hard to find well centered copies.

Perf. 15½ - Scott #18

Value

(with 4 margins around the design)
Used: $3,250-$3,750
No postmark with gum (MH): $5,000-$6,000
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): $55,000-$7-,000

Statistics

Issued: January 25th, 1861

Plate Size: Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100).

pane of 1857 1¢ Franklin
A full pane of 100

Printer: Toppan, Carpenter, Casilier & Co. using the die-to-relief-to-plate transfer process.

Watermark: None

Quantity Issued: 350,000

Use: The one-cent stamp was required to pay the fee for drop letters and circulars under 500 miles. It was also the rate for Newspapers and Circulars.

What you should look for

Identifying #18
(#18 is a Type I)
18 US stamps

#18 is a Type I design. The design on a Type I is complete, meaning that the ornaments at the top and bottom of the frame have not trimmed by the engravers at the time. All other types of the Franklin 1¢ have a portion of the design trimmed away.

Only one plate produced the perforated Type I stamp, that being plate 12.

Notes on #18

1) There were 99 positions on plate 12 that produced Type I stamps. the other 101 positions on this plate are plate II.
2) It is common to find a heavy film of ink on the stamp, probably because the plate had not or could not have been positioned properly. This gives some of the #18 stamps a mottled appearance.

18 mottled appearance 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps

Showing over-inking on #18, easily visible on the margins.


3) All plate 12 stamps show a dot in the white border surrounding he medallion on the left side.

How many plates were there?

There were twelve plates of the 1¢ Franklin made, plate six was never used, probably due to it being damaged in it's creation. Most of the plates were used for both the imperforate and perforated design. Some only produced one type or the other. For instance, plate 12 produced only perforated stamps and the early state of Plate 1 produced only imperforate stamps.

 

The Inspiration for the Design

City Of Alpena
Benjamin Franklin
Jean-Jacques Caffieri (1725-1792)
Marble, 25" high
The Peabody Collection, Maryland

The design was based off Jean-Jacques Caffieri's bust of Franklin.

Varieties to look for

DOUBLE TRANSFERS

18 33L12
Position 33L12 showing double transfer

There are numerous double transfers on plate 12, some more prominant than others, positions 25L and 33L (shown above) are being good examples.

Wagshall refers to a cracked plate (more like a gash in the plate) but I have my doubts that this a true variety, I have seen no records of the plate position having a crack, other than Wagshalls.

Brookman refers to a curl in a P, which very much looks like a piece of fiber got into a printing, probably a unique example.

18 forgery

A contemporary forgery of the 1¢ Franklin

The Essay's and Proofs

franklin vignette
Vignette of Ben Franklin
Imperf essay on laid india paper


Unlisted 1¢ Liberty
Black, Vignette Die Essay on Proof paper
frame similar to 5¢ Jefferson
Probably attributable to Toppan, Carpenter, Casilier and Co.


5-E1a
Black, Vignette Die Essay on India


5-E1var
Black, Vignette Die Essay on India
Unlisted showing both Franklin and Washington


5-E1b
Black, Vignette Die Essay on Proof Paper


5-E1f
Black, Vignettes Die Essay on Proof Paper


5-E2
6¢ Black
Die Essay on India

How the perforated stamp came to us

Prince Consort Essay
The Prince Consort essay

When Rowland Hill designed the worlds first postage stamp, the penny black, no provision was made for separating the stamps. in 1847, six years after the introduction of the first stamp, Henry Archer submitted a two seperating machines to the British postmaster general. These machines employed lancet shaped blades, however their effect, was mixed at best. Soon after Mr Archer patented a machine which used perforation as a means of seperation, his first trials with this machine were on the Prince Consort essay, an example is seen above. The Prince Consort was Prince Albert, the design was never approved.

1853 revenue stamp
1853 One penny receipt stamp
Worlds first perforated stamp

Prince Consort Essay
1854 Penny Red
Worlds first perforated postage stamp

In October 1853 the first perforated stamps were issued in the UK using new perforating machines built by David Napier and Son Ltd, they were revenue stamps The first perforated stamps were revenue stamps issued in October 1853.

Aaron Brown

Aaron Brown, Postmaster-General 1857-59

In 1857 the new postmaster general was determined to introduce the perforation of postage stamps to the US. Perforating machines, at the cost of $3,000 were acquired by Toppan Carpenter, along with $6,000 in new plates. The machines were from England, but not from Napier, they purchased rouletting machines from William Bemrose & Sons of Derby, converting them to perforating machines. One problem is that these new machines could accommodate a relatively narrow sheet, which explains why the stamps of the 1857 series are spaced so close together. The first stamps to be perforated were the thirty cent, twenty four cent and ninety cent values.

1857 US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 US Postage Stamp Essays