1857 US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 US Postage Stamp Essays

1857 1¢ - #22

22 Scotts - US Postage Stamps
1¢ - Blue - Type IIIa
As type III, but either the bottom or, more commonly,
the top line are broken, but not both.

Perf. 15½ - Scott #22 - 1851

Value

(with 4 margins around the design)
Used: $100-$250
No postmark with gum (MH): $2,000-$4,500
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): $7,000-$16,000

Statistics

Issued: July 26, 1857

Plate Size: Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100).

Printer: Toppan, Carpenter & Co., using the flat plate process.

Watermark: None

Quantity Issued: Unknown

Color: Blue

Note: Because of the narrow margins, finding an example with the design complete is a challenge.

28a cover
1c paying the rate for a local cover

What you should look for

Identifying #22
(#22 is a Type IIIa)

8A Scotts - US Postage Stamps

#22 is a Type IIIa design. The design on the sides are complete, the line at the top is broken and the line at the bottom is barely broken. This is different than Type III where both the top and bottom line is broken.

Notes on #22

1) The degree or amount of the break in the line(s) is important. The greater the break the more desirable the stamp.

2) Plate IIIa stamps look very much like the valuable Plate I stamps in so much as the balls at the bottom have traces of ink, giving the impression of a complete bottom design, but on close examination you will see that the traces are too faint to qualify for a complete design.

3) A certificate is required.

Click here for a comprehensive, printable, identfication guide. Courtesy of Chris Biason (447kb)

The Inspiration for the Design

City Of Alpena
Benjamin Franklin
Jean-Jacques Caffieri (1725-1792)
Marble, 25" high
The Peabody Collection, Maryland

The design was based off Jean-Jacques Caffieri's bust of Franklin.

The Essay's and Proofs

franklin vignette
Vignette of Ben Franklin
Imperf essay on laid india paper


Unlisted 1¢ Liberty
Black, Vignette Die Essay on Proof paper
frame similar to 5¢ Jefferson
Probably attributable to Toppan, Carpenter, Casilier and Co.


5-E1a
Black, Vignette Die Essay on India


5-E1var
Black, Vignette Die Essay on India
Unlisted showing both Franklin and Washington


5-E1b
Black, Vignette Die Essay on Proof Paper


5-E1f
Black, Vignettes Die Essay on Proof Paper


5-E2
6¢ Black
Die Essay on India


How the perforated stamp came to us

Prince Consort Essay
The Prince Consort essay

When Rowland Hill designed the worlds first postage stamp, the penny black, no provision was made for separating the stamps. in 1847, six years after the introduction of the first stamp, Henry Archer submitted a two seperating machines to the British postmaster general. These machines employed lancet shaped blades, however their effect, was mixed at best. Soon after Mr Archer patented a machine which used perforation as a means of seperation, his first trials with this machine were on the Prince Consort essay, an example is seen above. The Prince Consort was Prince Albert, the design was never approved.

1853 revenue stamp
1853 One penny receipt stamp
Worlds first perforated stamp

Prince Consort Essay
1854 Penny Red
Worlds first perforated postage stamp

In October 1853 the first perforated stamps were issued in the UK using new perforating machines built by David Napier and Son Ltd, they were revenue stamps The first perforated stamps were revenue stamps issued in October 1853.

Aaron Brown

Aaron Brown, Postmaster-General 1857-59

In 1857 the new postmaster general was determined to introduce the perforation of postage stamps to the US. Perforating machines, at the cost of $3,000 were acquired by Toppan Carpenter, along with $6,000 in new plates. The machines were from England, but not from Napier, they purchased rouletting machines from William Bemrose & Sons of Derby, converting them to perforating machines. One problem is that these new machines could accommodate a relatively narrow sheet, which explains why the stamps of the 1857 series are spaced so close together. The first stamps to be perforated were the thirty cent, twenty four cent and ninety cent values.

1857 US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 US Postage Stamp Essays