10¢ - Black brown, dark brown or gray black
Scott #237

Value

Used: $1-$6
No postmark with gum (MH): $14-$45
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): $45-$150

Statistics

Issued:
The 10¢ was officially issued on January, 1st 1893, a Sunday,
and at Post Offices the following day. There are a couple of
examples postmarked in New York, N.Y., on January 1st, 1893.

230 fdc
1¢ to 10¢ values on cover, all postmarked
January 1st, 1893 in New York, N.Y.

237

Plate Size:
Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100)

Printer:
The American Bank Note Company, thereafter, with one exception of
the Overun stamps of 1943 all stamps have since been printed by
the Bureau of Engraving

Watermark:
None

Quantity Issued:
16,516,950

Color:
Black brown, dark brown or gray black

Common use:
The stamp was most commonly used for the combined first-class
rate and registered mail fee which totalled ten cents.

237
A cover to Switzerland paying double the standard rate

237 us stamps
A registered letter where the 10¢ Columbian covers
the 8¢ registration fee plus the 2¢ first class rate

What you should look for

237 US stamps

As with all the values of this issue, look for Columbian Exposition
cancels, they increase the value of the stamp or cover. Any stamp is
more desirable with a clean cancel, preferably a town cancel, heavy
cancels can detract from the value.

The Inspiration for the Design

The design is a reproduction of Luigi Gregori’s ‘Return of Columbus and reception at court’,
now located at the Univ. of Notre Dame in Indiana.

Luigi Gregori
Luigi Gregori's
"The Reception at the court"
1880-84, pigment with casien on plaster

237
Luigi Gregori's painting in situ

Varieties to look for

Brookman mentions that there is a variety that has the words
‘Columbus Presenting Natives’ in long, thin and irregularly
shaped letters, however there is no recorded example of this.
There are no other varieties.


Occasionally postmarks from states that had tiny amounts of mail in this
year can add to the value. This is particularly true of Alaska and the
Territories. For a list of the number of stamps issued by each state in
the year ending 30th June 1894 click here.



237-P1
Columbian large die proof die sunk on 110x101mm card



237P1 (var)
Large die proof on india, mounted on card


237P4
Plate Proof on card

Inside the Machinery Hall, Columbian Exposition, 1893
Notice the machinery on the right, the Polyphase System.
This was a big deal then, it was made by the Westinghouse Company.