1857 US Postage Stamps 5 US 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 5A 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6b 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 7 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8A 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 9 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 US Postage Stamp Essays

1857 3¢ - #26A

3¢ - Dull red, brownish carmine or rose - Type IIa
As in Type 2 but the side frame lines do not extend beyond the design.
Perf. 15½ - Scott 26A - 1857

Value

(with 4 margins around the design)
Used: $5-$15
No postmark with gum (MH): $20-$35
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): $550

Statistics

Issued: June 26, 1857

Plate Size: Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100).
A pane of 100

Printer: Toppan, Carpenter & Co., using the flat plate printing process.

Watermark: None

Quantity Issued: 33 million

Color: Dull Red

Note: Because of the narrow margins, finding an example with a complete design can be a challenge. FRAME LINES DO NO EXTEND BEYOND DESIGN

#26a on cover

The Inspiration for the Design


George Washington
Jean-Antoine Houdon (1741-1828)
Marble, 25" high
Mount Vernon, Virginia

The design was based off Jean-Antoine Houdon's bust, for more detail on the bust click here.

Houdin - George Washington Scotts - US Postage Stamps
The painting shows the studio of French sculptor Jean-Antoine Houdon with Houdon working on a bust.

How the perforated stamp came to us

Prince Consort Essay
The Prince Consort essay

When Rowland Hill designed the worlds first postage stamp, the penny black, no provision was made for separating the stamps. in 1847, six years after the introduction of the first stamp, Henry Archer submitted a two seperating machines to the British postmaster general. These machines employed lancet shaped blades, however their effect, was mixed at best. Soon after Mr Archer patented a machine which used perforation as a means of seperation, his first trials with this machine were on the Prince Consort essay, an example is seen above. The Prince Consort was Prince Albert, the design was never approved.

1853 revenue stamp
1853 One penny receipt stamp
Worlds first perforated stamp

Prince Consort Essay
1854 Penny Red
Worlds first perforated postage stamp

In October 1853 the first perforated stamps were issued in the UK using new perforating machines built by David Napier and Son Ltd, they were revenue stamps The first perforated stamps were revenue stamps issued in October 1853.

Aaron Brown

Aaron Brown, Postmaster-General 1857-59

In 1857 the new postmaster general was determined to introduce the perforation of postage stamps to the US. Perforating machines, at the cost of $3,000 were acquired by Toppan Carpenter, along with $6,000 in new plates. The machines were from England, but not from Napier, they purchased rouletting machines from William Bemrose & Sons of Derby, converting them to perforating machines. One problem is that these new machines could accommodate a relatively narrow sheet, which explains why the stamps of the 1857 series are spaced so close together. The first stamps to be perforated were the thirty cent, twenty four cent and ninety cent values.

1857 US Postage Stamps 5 US 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 5A 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6b 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 7 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8A 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 9 1857 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1857 US Postage Stamp Essays