1857 US Postage Stamps

1857 10¢ - #32
Type II

32 scotts

10¢ - Green, dark green, yellowish green or bluish green  - Type II
Bottom line broken and lower shells partly cut away at right and left.
Top and Side designs complete.
Plate position dot near top left corner if not cut away.

Perf. 15½ - Scott #32 - 1857


Used: $35-$85
No postmark with gum (MH): $1,500-$2,250
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): None known


Issued: July 27, 1857

Plate Size: Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100).

Printer: Toppan, Carpenter & Co., using the flat plate process.

Watermark: None

Quantity Issued: 2,900,000

Color: Green, dark green, yellowish green or bluish green 

28a cover
#32 on cover to Los Angeles from Medford, Mass.

Guide to Identifying #32

Type II

31 Scotts

Guide supplied by George Kopecky

The Inspiration for the Design

george washington bust engraving

Bust portrait engraving after Gilbert Stuart's George Washington portait, this was the source of the design, unlike Scott's 68 of 1861 which used the original Gilbert Stuart portrait

gilbert stuart george washington portrait

George Washington 1743-1826
painted by Gilbert Stuart 1755-1799
Known as the The Athenaeum it was painted in 1796 by Gilbert Stuart

Perhaps the most famous portrait in the US, probably due to the fact that it's presence graces the front of the $1 bill, this portrait was in fact unfinished at the time of Gilbert's deathin 1828. It now hangs in the Boston Museum of Fine Art (Gilbert was one of Boston's more famous sons).

An excellent website on this portrait can be found here.

gilbert stuart self portrait
Gilbert Stuart Self Portrait

How the perforated stamp came to us

Prince Consort Essay
The Prince Consort essay

When Rowland Hill designed the worlds first postage stamp, the penny black, no provision was made for separating the stamps. in 1847, six years after the introduction of the first stamp, Henry Archer submitted a two seperating machines to the British postmaster general. These machines employed lancet shaped blades, however their effect, was mixed at best. Soon after Mr Archer patented a machine which used perforation as a means of seperation, his first trials with this machine were on the Prince Consort essay, an example is seen above. The Prince Consort was Prince Albert, the design was never approved.

1853 revenue stamp
1853 One penny receipt stamp
Worlds first perforated stamp

Prince Consort Essay
1854 Penny Red
Worlds first perforated postage stamp

In October 1853 the first perforated stamps were issued in the UK using new perforating machines built by David Napier and Son Ltd, they were revenue stamps The first perforated stamps were revenue stamps issued in October 1853.

Aaron Brown

Aaron Brown, Postmaster-General 1857-59

In 1857 the new postmaster general was determined to introduce the perforation of postage stamps to the US. Perforating machines, at the cost of $3,000 were acquired by Toppan Carpenter, along with $6,000 in new plates. The machines were from England, but not from Napier, they purchased rouletting machines from William Bemrose & Sons of Derby, converting them to perforating machines. One problem is that these new machines could accommodate a relatively narrow sheet, which explains why the stamps of the 1857 series are spaced so close together. The first stamps to be perforated were the thirty cent, twenty four cent and ninety cent values.

1857 US Postage Stamps