1857 US Postage Stamps

1860 30¢ - #38


30¢ - Orange, yellow orange or reddish orange
Perf. 15½ - Scott #38 - 1860
Note: Well centered examples of this issue are rare

Value

Used: $100-$250
No postmark with gum (MH): $250-$900
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): None known

30¢ - Orange, yellow orange or reddish orange
Imperf - Scott #38a - 1860

Statistics

Issued: August 8, 1860.

38 cover
First day cover

Plate Size: Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100).

37 multiple
The largest known used multiple

Printer: Toppan, Carpenter & Co., using the flat plate process.

Watermark: None

Quantity Issued: 356,000

Color: Orange, yellow orange or reddish orange

36 cover
A scarce large multiple of #38

The Inspiration for the Design

City Of Alpena
Benjamin Franklin
Jean-Jacques Caffieri (1725-1792)
Marble, 25" high
The Peabody Collection, Maryland

The design was based off Jean-Jacques Caffieri's bust of Franklin.
This is the same design as the 1c except the portrait is facing the opposite way.

The Essay's and Proofs


38-E1
30¢ Die On India
Black


38-E1 Var
30¢ Large Die Proof on India
lacking numerals and text


38-P3
Plate Proof


38-TC1
Trial Color Proof

38 TC3
38-TC3
Trial Color Proof on india paper

How the perforated stamp came to us

Prince Consort Essay
The Prince Consort essay

When Rowland Hill designed the worlds first postage stamp, the penny black, no provision was made for separating the stamps. in 1847, six years after the introduction of the first stamp, Henry Archer submitted a two seperating machines to the British postmaster general. These machines employed lancet shaped blades, however their effect, was mixed at best. Soon after Mr Archer patented a machine which used perforation as a means of seperation, his first trials with this machine were on the Prince Consort essay, an example is seen above. The Prince Consort was Prince Albert, the design was never approved.

1853 revenue stamp
1853 One penny receipt stamp
Worlds first perforated stamp

Prince Consort Essay
1854 Penny Red
Worlds first perforated postage stamp

In October 1853 the first perforated stamps were issued in the UK using new perforating machines built by David Napier and Son Ltd, they were revenue stamps The first perforated stamps were revenue stamps issued in October 1853.

Aaron Brown

Aaron Brown, Postmaster-General 1857-59

In 1857 the new postmaster general was determined to introduce the perforation of postage stamps to the US. Perforating machines, at the cost of $3,000 were acquired by Toppan Carpenter, along with $6,000 in new plates. The machines were from England, but not from Napier, they purchased rouletting machines from William Bemrose & Sons of Derby, converting them to perforating machines. One problem is that these new machines could accommodate a relatively narrow sheet, which explains why the stamps of the 1857 series are spaced so close together. The first stamps to be perforated were the thirty cent, twenty four cent and ninety cent values.

1857 US Postage Stamps