1913 US Postage Stamps 397 1913 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 398 1913 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 399 1913 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 400 1913 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 400A 1913 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 401 1913 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 402 1911 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 403 1913 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 404 1913 Scotts - US Postage Stamps

1913 10¢ Pan American (P12) #400A

400A Scotts - US Postage Stamps

The Discovery of San Francisco Bay
10¢ - Orange
10,000,000 - Perf. 12
Scott #400A - 1913

VALUE

Used: $3-$15
No postmark with gum (MH): $50-$95
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): $125-$200

The yellow shade used for #400 made it difficult to see the design so a dark orange was used, thereby making the design clearer to the viewer.

The Essay's and Proofs

398-E1 Scotts - essay US stamps
Designer's model, wash frame
Mounted on thick card
400-E1
98x73mm

398-E3 Scotts - essay US stamps
Designer's model, wash frame
Mounted on thick card
400-E3
LIberty flanked by Battleships in the bay


398-E3 Scotts - essay US stamps
Photo essay showing battleships behind Liberty in SF Bay
400-E3
98x73mm


398-E4 Scotts - essay US stamps
Photo essay showing a steamer and sailing ship behind Liberty in SF Bay
400-E4
Mounted on card

398-E4 Scotts - essay US stamps
Photo essay showing two steamers and a sailing ship behind Liberty in SF Bay
400-E4


398-E5 Scotts - essay US stamps
Photo essay showing a steamer and sailing ship behind Liberty in SF Bay
400-E5
Mounted on card

398-E2 Scotts - essay US stamps
Designer's model, wash frame
Mounted on thick card
400-E5
Commemorating Cabrillo passing the Golden Gate Straits, he missed seeing the bay
completely, as did many others including Francis Drake, who also passed by.

3Gaspar de Portola

Discovery of San Francisco Bay
1896 painting by Charles F. Mathews
The vignette og #400 is a copy of this painting

It depicts the Spanish explorer Gaspar de Portola and his crew with the Muwekma Ohlone natives.

Muwekma Ohlone Tribe

The Muwekma Ohlone Tribe today

After Gaspar de Portola's visit the tribe flourshed, the Muwekma Ohlone Tribe became landowners of several large ranches under Spanish authority.
They established communities and supported the missions. After the American conquest of California things went rapidly
downhill, the tribe, like most Mexican landowners were cheated out of their holdings. Further humiliation occurred when
the Federal Government cheated them out of their formal recognition as a tribe, back in the 1920's. Even today the
tribe is attempting to regain that recognition. It is surprising to me that the tribe that led white man to the bay
of San Francisco should not have the favor returned.

The Panama Pacific Exposition


The stamp was designed in anticipation of the upcoming Panama Pacific Exhibtion, held in 1915 in San Francisco.
The Expo was named the Panama Pacific Exposition ostensibly to celebrate the opening of the Panama Canal and the 400th
anniversary of the discovery of the Pacific by Vasco Núñez de Balboa.


The primary purpose of the exposition was to show the world that San Francisco was back in business after the 1906 earthquake.
The 5c stamp was issued on December 26th, 1912, part of a set of four.

The city went overboard with exposition, and was to be, in relative terms, one of the most expensive and profitable in history.

 



The Tower of Jewels
Encrusted with over 100,000 Novagems to make it sparkle in the sunlight
and at night by spotlight



Before demolition the jewels were removed from the tower and
sold to the public, boxed, at $1 each

The exposition was a commercial success and as result efforts were made to save as
much as possible, unfortunately most of the buildings were temporary in nature, including
the tower. Furthermore almost all the Expo was on leased land and the owners expected to have their land back.
Much of the exposition was built of plaster and wood. The Palace of Fine Arts
was left to decay by the lagoon, only to be demolished in 1930, since then four replica's
have been built in its place.



The Palace of Fine Arts as it looks today



The Palace of Fine Arts as it looked then



A 1915 photograph of the Palace of Fine Arts



The Palace of Fine Arts is seen to the left of the Exposition and the Tower of Jewels in the center.
It was two and half miles in length.



The Exposition lit at night



An Australian cover with an Exposition cancel used for the redirect, note that the cancel was in use prior to the Expo.

1913 US Postage Stamps 397 1913 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 398 1913 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 399 1913 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 400 1913 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 400A 1913 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 401 1913 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 402 1911 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 403 1913 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 404 1913 Scotts - US Postage Stamps