1851 US Postage Stamps 5 US 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 5A 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6b 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 7 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8A 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 9 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1851 US Postage Stamp Essays

1851 1¢ - #5

The value of the stamps Statistics and facts about the stamp
what you should look for how the stamp was made
Varieties of the stamp the making of the stamp

The Value of the Stamp


photo courtesy of Gordon Eubanks (thank you Gordon!)

1¢ - Blue - Type I
The most complete design of all the types. The design
is complete at top, bottom and sides.

35,000 - Imperf - Scott #5 - 1851
Only 98 used and two unused examples exist

Deduct 40% for pen cancels for three margins, deduct 40% of three margins,
60% for two margins and for no margins deduct 80%

Value

(with 4 margins around the design)
Used: $3,500
No postmark with gum (MH): $90,000
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): Does not exist

Statistics

Issued: July 5th, 1851

Plate Size: Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100).

Printer: Toppan, Carpenter, Casilier & Co. using the die-to-relief-to-plate transfer process.

Watermark: None

Quantity Issued: 35,000, probably just over 100 copies exist, 21 on cover. Only two are unused.

Use: The one-cent stamp was required to pay the fee for drop letters and circulars under 500 miles. It was also the rate for Newspapers and Circulars.

What you should look for

Identifying #5
(#5 is a Type I)

5 US Stamps

#5 is a Type I design. The design on a Type I is complete, meaning that the ornaments at the top and bottom of the frame have not trimmed by the engravers at the time. All other types of the Franklin 1¢ have a portion of the design trimmed away. Type I is also distinguishable in that it has double transfer as shown by the
doubling of the protrusion at the top of the frame design.

Only one plate position produced the Type I stamp, that being position 7RIE, a number known to most serious US philatelists.

Notes on #5

1) it is a unique position (only one of the thousand positions produced this)
2) Unlike its cousin, the perforated 1851 1¢ Franklin, it does not have a dot in the white border surrounding the medallion on the left hand side
3) It was forged a lot, mainly by taking the 1875 reprint and adding lines to duplicate the double transfer. The 1875 also has the secret dot on the left, which does not exist on #5.
4) A certificate is a must, never buy without one.
5) It is the rarest US stamp issued prior to the grills of 1867.
6) Seigel Auction Galleries printed in 1960 the Jerome Wagshall Survey of this issue, at the time of printing there were 90 recorded examples, since that time another 10 to 15 have been discovered.

Why is there only one position with a complete design?

The design of this early issue was too large to allow for the accommodation of the 200 subjects onto one plate. Therefore, each position had to have some amount of the design erased to allow enough room. These erasures accounted for the majority of the types. One position, however, was not subject to any erasure whatsoever, that position being the 7R1E.

What exactly does position 7RIE mean?

It means the 7th stamp of the right pane of plate I in the early state. Plate one had two states, early and late. Plate one in its original or early state became worn with use, the design on the plate were then recut (after only 11 months use) and thus the plate became the late state. Plate one remained in service until 1857.

7 = Seventh stamp of the 100 on the pane
R = Right Plane
I = Plate I
E= Early State

How many plates were there?

There were twelve plates of the 1¢ Franklin made, plate six was never used, probably due to it being damaged in it's creation. Most of the plates were used for both the imperforate and perforated design. Some only produced one type or the other. For instance, plate 12 produced only perforated stamps and the early state of Plate 1 produced only imperforate stamps whilst plate I late (reconstruction) produced both imperforate and perforated stamps. Plate 4 was the last of the imperforate plates to be used.

Scott Number 5 identifying marks - Scotts - US Postage Stamps
Double transfer (details of which are shown above)

Click here for a comprehensive, printable, identfication guide. Courtesy of Chris Biason (447kb)

The Inspiration for the Design

City Of Alpena
Benjamin Franklin
Jean-Jacques Caffieri (1725-1792)
Marble, 25" high
The Peabody Collection, Maryland

The design was based off Jean-Jacques Caffieri's bust of Franklin.


Varieties to look for

There are no varieties of #5.

The Essay's and Proofs

franklin vignette
Vignette of Ben Franklin
Imperf essay on laid india paper


Unlisted 1¢ Liberty
Black, Vignette Die Essay on Proof paper
frame similar to 5¢ Jefferson
Probably attributable to Toppan, Carpenter, Casilier and Co.


5-E1a
Black, Vignette Die Essay on India


5-E1var
Black, Vignette Die Essay on India
Unlisted showing both Franklin and Washington


5-E1b
Black, Vignette Die Essay on Proof Paper


5-E1f
Black, Vignettes Die Essay on Proof Paper


5-E2
6¢ Black
Die Essay on India
The value was later changed to 1¢, as this rate was
deemed more useful than the 6¢ rate slated for long distance
foriegn mail.

5TC1

5-TC1
1¢ Black
Color Trial
Large Die
Color proof on white card


5-E3k
1¢ Black
Die Essay on India
The value was later changed to 1¢, as this rate was
deemed more useful than the 6¢ rate slated for long distance
foriegn mail.

1851 US Postage Stamps 5 US 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 5A 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6b 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 7 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8A 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 9 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1851 US Postage Stamp Essays