1851 US Postage Stamps 5 US 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 5A 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6b 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 7 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8A 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 9 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1851 US Postage Stamp Essays

1851 1¢ - #6

The value of the stamps Statistics and facts about the stamp
what you should look for how the stamp was made
Varieties of the stamp the making of the stamp

The Value of the Stamp

#6 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps

1¢ - Blue - Type Ia
The design is complete at the sides and bottom but incomplete at the top.
Top center line and tops of the ornament are missing.
Furthermore, there is a flaw below and to the left of the "U" of "U.S.POSTAGE".

Less than six mint copies survive
Imperf - Scott #6 - 1857

Deduct 40% for pen cancels for three margins, deduct 40% of three margins,
60% for two margins and for no margins deduct 80%

Value (with 4 margins around the design)
Used: $210-#250
No postmark with gum (MH): $2,000-$4,000
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): email me :-)

Statistics

Issued: Earliest date of use, April 4th, 1857

Plate Size: Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100).

Printer: Toppan, Carpenter, Casilier & Co. using the die-to-relief-to-plate transfer process.

Watermark: None

Quantity Issued: 110,000

Use: The one-cent stamp was required to pay the fee for drop letters and circulars under 500 miles. It was also the rate for Newspapers and Circulars.

What you should look for

Identifying #6
(#6 is a Type Ia)

6 US stamps

#6 is a Type Ia design. The design on the bottom and sides of Type Ia are complete. However the design at the top is not complete, some of the top ornaments have been burnished off, see illustration below.

Type 1a can be found on eighteen plate positions, all from the bottom row of plate IV.

Notes on #6

1) There is no stamp beneath them as they come from the bottom row
2) Type 1a can be found on the perforated stamp as well (Scott #19)
3) Although the stamp can be distinguished by a broken wavy line at the top, a few of the positions have a blurred burr where the line is broken, giving one the first impression that the line is unbroken.
4) They were only printed in the months of April, May and June 1857, a late period in the printing of the imperforate.
5) The imperforate stamps were replaced with the perforated stamps on August 1st 1857.
6) A certificate is a must, never buy without one.

Why are there only eighteen positions?

The design of this early issue was too large to allow for the accommodation of the 200 subjects onto one plate. Therefore, each position had to have some amount of the design erased to allow enough room. These erasures accounted for the majority of the types. Eighteen positions, however, had only minimal erasure to the top of the design whilst the rest of the design was left complete

What exactly do the plate position numbers mean?

To take the example of 7RI1

7 = Seventh stamp of the 100 on the pane - this number can be from 1 to 99.

R = Right Plane - this letter can be either R or L, L representing the Left Pane

I = Plate I, this roman rumeral can be I, II, III, IV, V, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII

E= Early State, this letter can be either E or L, L representing the Late State. This letter is only appended to plate I stamps.

How many plates were there?

There were twelve plates of the 1¢ Franklin made, plate six was never used, probably due to it being damaged in it's creation. Most of the plates were used for both the imperforate and perforated design. Some only produced one type or the other. For instance, plate 12 produced only perforated stamps and the early state of Plate 1 produced only imperforate stamps whilst plate I late (reconstruction) produced both imperforate and perforated stamps. Plate 4 was the last of the imperforate plates to be used.

Rescources available
http://www.slingshotvenus.com/FranklinArchive/frnkln_archv_Main.html
Stanley B. Ashbrook, The United States One Cent Stamp of 1851-1857.
Mortimer L. Neinken, U.S. One Cent Stamp of 1851-61.
The Ishikawa collection: United States 1851-1857 1 cent Blue Issue postage stamps in multiples and reconstructed plates.

PLATING #6

Scott Number 5 identifying marks - Scotts - US Postage Stamps
Type 1A
The flaw at the top left inner circle is present on most, but
not all the positions.

Click here for a comprehensive, printable, identfication guide. Courtesy of Chris Biason (447kb)

 

The Inspiration for the Design

City Of Alpena
Benjamin Franklin
Jean-Jacques Caffieri (1725-1792)
Marble, 25" high
The Peabody Collection, Maryland

The design was based off Jean-Jacques Caffieri's bust of Franklin.

Varieties to look for

THE CURL ON THE SHOULDER VARIETY

6 curl on shoulder variety Scotts - US Postage Stamps

6 curl on the shoulder Scotts - US Postage Stamps

Showing Curl in shoulder variety
The flaw was due to a thread being stuck to the plate
at the time of the printing.
Position 97L4
Spring 2010 sale: used - $2,800

The Essay's and Proofs

franklin vignette
Vignette of Ben Franklin
Imperf essay on laid india paper


Unlisted 1¢ Liberty
Black, Vignette Die Essay on Proof paper
frame similar to 5¢ Jefferson
Probably attributable to Toppan, Carpenter, Casilier and Co.


5-E1a
Black, Vignette Die Essay on India


5-E1var
Black, Vignette Die Essay on India
Unlisted showing both Franklin and Washington


5-E1b
Black, Vignette Die Essay on Proof Paper


5-E1f
Black, Vignettes Die Essay on Proof Paper


5-E2
6¢ Black
Die Essay on India
The value was later changed to 1¢, as this rate was
deemed more useful than the 6¢ rate slated for long distance
foriegn mail.


5-E3k
1¢ Black
Die Essay on India
The value was later changed to 1¢, as this rate was
deemed more useful than the 6¢ rate slated for long distance
foriegn mail.

1851 US Postage Stamps 5 US 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 5A 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6b 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 7 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8A 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 9 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1851 US Postage Stamp Essays