1861 US Postage Stamps

1861 Rose 2¢ - #65



3¢ - Rose, bright rose, dull red, rose red, brown red or pale brown red
1,800,000,000 - Perf. 12 - Scott #65 - 1861
Click here to view The Waterbury Fancy Cancels
Note: Higher prices are obtained for fancy cancels on this issue

Value

Used: $1-$5
No postmark with gum (MH): $35-$45
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): $100-$600


3¢ -Rose
Imperforate - Scott #65a - 1861
(prices for pairs)

  NY Auction Houses
  No Gum Graded
Spring 2007 $700 -
Fall 2007 - -
Spring 2008 - -
Fall 2008 - -
Spring 2009 - -
Fall 2009 - -
Spring 2010 $475 -
Fall 2010 - -
Spring 2011 $300 -
Fall 2011 - -
2012 - -
2013 - -
2014 - -
2015 - -
2016 - -


3¢ -Rose
Laid paper - Scott #65b - 1861

  NY Auction Houses
  MNH MH Used
Fall 2009 - - $375
Spring 2010 - - -
Fall 2010 - - -
Spring 2011 - - -
Fall 2011 - - -
2012 - - -
2013 - - -
2014 - - -
2015 - - -
2016 - - -

Image
3¢ - Rose
Imperforate - Scott #65C - 1861
Prices are for pairs

  NY Auction Houses
  MNH MH Used
2011 - $675 -
2012 - $350-$425 -
2013 - - -
2014 - - -
2015 - - -
2016 - - -


3¢ -Rose
Imperforate horizontally - Scott #65d - 1861
Spring 2009 - $15,000


3¢ -Rose
Printed on reverse
Perf. 12 - Scott #65e - 1861
2009 Auction - $32,500 (single) $110,000 (pair)

65f stamp
3¢ - Rose
Double Impression - Scott #65f - 1861
Fall 2002 - $9,500

Statistics

Issued: August 19, 1861. Earliest known use is August 19, 1861

Plate Size: Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100).


A pane of #65

Printer: National Bank Note Co, using the flat plate printing process.

Grill: None

Quantity Issued: 1.8 billion, one of the most common stamps of the 19th century

Color: Rose

Usage: First class letter rate

How the 1861 series came into being

Montgomery Blair was Lincolns Postmaster General and without doubt the most ardent supporter of the union, the most conservative member of Lincolns Cabinet. He despised the south with passion and was adamant that the south would not profit from the sale of United States stamps. In May 1861, three months after hostilities began he issued an order requiring all Southern states to return their stamps. An order that was widely ignored.

Not to be outdone PMG Blair issued on June 1, 1861, an order that no postmasters in the Southern States were authorised to sell stamps and furthermore any mail bearing stamps from those states were to be treates as unpaid. A copy of the order is shown below


Post Office Announcement of the 1861 Issue,
 setting forth by state the last dates upon which
all current U.S. stamps and stamped envelopes would be
valid for postage

This order was also widely ignored. PMG Blair was persistent, two weeks later he issued a statement that declared that he would replace the current issue with a new issue which would have different designs. That this issue would be available on August 1st and holders of the current issue would have seven days to exchange them for the new issue. After the seven days the current issue would be considered invalid for postage. The date was extended to November 1st, then to December 1st and then again to Jan 1st, 1862. By this measure PMG Blair thwarted attempts by Southern Postmasters to use US stamps. The new issue was only delivered to Union post offices.


'Old stamp no good'
A little preemptive as the stamp was valid for another two days

This last step caused a lot of controversy. Congress was not sure that he has the authority to do this. Besides the delay in the cut off date, it was found that certain post offices in MO and KY were sharing their new stock with their southern neighbours, and thus further shipments to them were curtailed. The order also neglected to mention stamped envelopes so there was a great deal of confusion as to the validity of the pre-1861 envelopes.

1861 US Postage Stamps