1861 5¢ - #67
5¢ - Buff
175,000 - Perf. 12 - Scott #67 - 1861
No postmark with gum (MH): $4,500-$5,250
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): Does not exist
5¢ - Brown yellow
Perf. 12 - Scott #67a - 1861
5¢ - Olive yellow
Perf. 12 - Scott #67b - 1861
Issued: May 6th, 1861, earliest known of use 19th August 1861. This according to Brookman, this stamp must be lost to history as I find no other reference in Philatelic magazine prior to the publication of the book.
Plate Size: Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100).
Printer: National Bank Note Company, using the flat plate process.
Designer: James Macdonough
Quantity Issued: 175,000
PLATE #: 17
Color: Buff, brown yellow or olive yellow, the latter being marginally more valuable than the others, but a lot more scarce.
OF INTEREST: These shades were changed to darker shades (# 75 onwards) because they were considered too light to see the design. They were heavily used as a make up stamp and one sometimes will see multiples of three, becuase prior to the 15c Lincoln stamp there was no stamp to pay the 15c rate to France (per the 1857 US-France Convention) and the German states. More common as the use as the foriegn open mail rate. An address to the UK via a British contract steamer rate for open mail was 5c (3c US + 2c ship fee).
Guide to Identifying #67
IDENTIFY BY COLOR
The stamps in the top row are Scott #'s 67, 67a and 67b
The first three stamps in the second row are shades of #75
The Inspiration for the Design
Painted for a Christmas card, using Mather's portrait that currently hangs in Monticello
The Essay's and Proofs