1851 US Postage Stamps

1861 10¢ - #68
TYPE II

10¢ - Green or yellow green - Type II
27,000,000 - Perf. 12 -  Scott #68 - 1861

Value

Used: $6-$18
No postmark with gum (MH): $60-$140
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): $600-$1900


10¢ - Deep green or blue green - Type II
Perf. 12 -  Scott #68a - 1861



10¢ - Deep green or blue green - Type II
Perf. 12 (imperf horizontally) -  Scott #68b - 1861

Statistics

Issued: May 6th, 1861, earliest known of use 17th September 1861. This according to Brookman, this stamp must be lost to history as I find no other reference in Philatelic magazine prior to the publication of the book.


Earliest known cover 21st August 1861

Plate Size: Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100).

Printer: National Bank Note Company, using the flat plate process.

Designer: James Macdonough

Watermark: None

Quantity Issued: 27,300,000

PLATE #: 15 and 26

Color: Dark green, dark yellow green, green, blue green, deep yellow green.

OF INTEREST: This stamp (Type II) was issued BEFORE Type I (62B). The most commonly accepted reason is that stocks of the this stamp were running out so they used plate 4 (which is a Type I plate) to supplement supplies. Brookman conjectures that the type I's were sent to the west coast.

68 Earliest use
Early use of #68 - 13th January 1862

IS THERE A GRILL ON YOUR STAMP?

68 grill
If you have a grill on the back of your stamp (see above) then you have the 1862-1866 grilled issue, please refer to the menu for directions. The grill can sometimes be visible on the face of the stamp. Look carefully as these grills can sometimes be very faint, or hidden by a hinge.

Guide to Identifying #68

The outer oval frame line above “U.S. POSTAGE” is NOT present on the #62b (red arc). Also on the #62b, the background around the stars is filled in, and the shadows around the stars less prominent. Lastly, on the #68, there is an additional bit of scrollwork above the center of the design (orange box).

The Inspiration for the Design

Washington 10 cent Stamp

The 1857 Gilbert Stuart stamps portrait rendition was sourced from a later engraving based on the original Gilbert Stuart painting, whilst the 1861 Gilbert Stuart stamp's portrait is based on the original Gilbert Stuart painting


When considering the bust for the essay the post office considered
switching the orientation of the head from left facing to right facing.
A vignette (shown above) was produced as an example. However,
it was decided that as the other demoniations in the 1861 series
were all left facing they should keep it as it is.

gilbert stuart george washington portrait

George Washington 1743-1826
painted by Gilbert Stuart 1755-1799
Known as the The Athenaeum it was painted in 1796 by Gilbert Stuart

Perhaps the most famous portrait in the US, probably due to the fact that it's presence graces the front of the $1 bill, this portrait was in fact unfinished at the time of Gilbert's deathin 1828. It now hangs in the Boston Museum of Fine Art (Gilbert was one of Boston's more famous sons).

An excellent website on this portrait can be found here.

gilbert stuart self portrait
Gilbert Stuart Self Portrait

>

Varieties to look for

THE TAG VARIETY

Scotts 68 variety - Scotts - US Postage Stamps
This stamp is replete with double transfers, however the most notable is the double transfer on the TAG of POSTAGE, as shown above.

The Essay's and Proofs


68-E1
Unlisted essay on ivory


68-E1 var
Unlisted essay on india

68-E3
Die essay on india



73-E6a essay
Die Essau on Proof Paper



73-E5b essay
Plate Essay on White Paper


Showing 2c,3c and 5c composite


68-P1 Proof



68-P1 Proof



68-P1 Proof

 

1851 US Postage Stamps