1851 US Postage Stamps 5 US 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 5A 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6b 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 7 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8A 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 9 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1851 US Postage Stamp Essays

1851 1¢ - #6b

The value of the stamps Statistics and facts about the stamp
what you should look for how the stamp was made
Varieties of the stamp the making of the stamp

The Value of the Stamp

#6b US 1851 Postage Stamps

1¢ - Blue - Type 1C
As type 1b, bottom right ornaments and plume are incomplete.
Bottom left plume complete or nearly complete.

Imperf - Scott #6b - 1857

Deduct 40% for pen cancels for three margins, deduct 40% of three margins,
60% for two margins and for no margins deduct 80%

Value (with 4 margins around the design)
Used: $2,000-$3,500
No postmark with gum (MH): $2,000-$4,000
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): does not exist

Statistics

Issued: April, 1857

Earlies date of use: May 20th, 1857 (showb below)

6b earliest date of use Scotts - US Postage Stamps

Plate Size: Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100).

Printer: Toppan, Carpenter, Casilier & Co. using the die-to-relief-to-plate transfer process.

Watermark: None

Quantity Issued: Unknown

Use: The one-cent stamp was required to pay the fee for drop letters and circulars under 500 miles. It was also the rate for Newspapers and Circulars.

What you should look for

Identifying #6b
(#6b is a Type Ic)

6b ID Scotts - US Postage Stamps

#6b is a Type Ic design. The design on the bottom is incomplete in that the right full plume and ball are only half complete. The sides of Type Ic are complete. The design at the top is not complete, some of the top ornaments have been burnished off, see the illustration above.

Type 1¢ can be found on ten plate positions, all from plate IV.

A note on the reliefs E and F

There are three positions where the distinguishing characteristics of type 1b are strongly pronounced, these are positions 91L  IV, 91R  IV and 96R  IV. This are called "F" relief positions and command a price premium.

The remaining positions where the distinguishing characteristics of type 1b are less pronounced, these are positions 41R  IV (early impressions only), 47L  IV, 49L  IV, 49R  IV, 81R  IV, 82R  IV, 83L  IV and 89R  IV are "E" relief positions.

6b bottom plate vars. Scotts - US Postage Stamps

Notes on #6b

1) Type Ic can be found on the perforated stamp as well (Scott #19b)
2) Type Ic were only printed in the months of April, May and June 1857, a late period in the printing of the imperforate.
3) The imperforate stamps were replaced with the perforated stamps on August 1st 1857.
4) A certificate is a must, never buy without one.

Why are there only ten positions?

The design of this early issue was too large to allow for the accommodation of the 200 subjects onto one plate. Therefore, each position had to have some amount of the design erased to allow enough room. These erasures accounted for the majority of the types.

What exactly do the plate position numbers mean?

To take the example of 7RI1

7 = Seventh stamp of the 100 on the pane - this number can be from 1 to 99.

R = Right Plane - this letter can be either R or L, L representing the Left Pane

I = Plate I, this roman rumeral can be I, II, III, IV, V, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII

E= Early State, this letter can be either E or L, L representing the Late State. This letter is only appended to plate I stamps.

How many plates were there?

There were twelve plates of the 1¢ Franklin made, plate six was never used, probably due to it being damaged in it's creation. Most of the plates were used for both the imperforate and perforated design. Some only produced one type or the other. For instance, plate 12 produced only perforated stamps and the early state of Plate 1 produced only imperforate stamps whilst plate I late (reconstruction) produced both imperforate and perforated stamps. Plate 4 was the last of the imperforate plates to be used.

Rescources available
http://www.slingshotvenus.com/FranklinArchive/frnkln_archv_Main.html
Stanley B. Ashbrook, The United States One Cent Stamp of 1851-1857.
Mortimer L. Neinken, U.S. One Cent Stamp of 1851-61.
The Ishikawa collection: United States 1851-1857 1 cent Blue Issue postage stamps in multiples and reconstructed plates.

Click here for a comprehensive, printable, identfication guide. Courtesy of Chris Biason (447kb)

The Inspiration for the Design

City Of Alpena
Benjamin Franklin
Jean-Jacques Caffieri (1725-1792)
Marble, 25" high
The Peabody Collection, Maryland

The design was based off Jean-Jacques Caffieri's bust of Franklin.

Varieties to look for

THE CURL IN C VARIETY

US Postage Stamps, curl in C on #6
Showing Curl in C variety
Position 96R4, and F relief position


The Essay's and Proofs

franklin vignette
Vignette of Ben Franklin
Imperf essay on laid india paper


Unlisted 1¢ Liberty
Black, Vignette Die Essay on Proof paper
frame similar to 5¢ Jefferson
Probably attributable to Toppan, Carpenter, Casilier and Co.


5-E1a
Black, Vignette Die Essay on India


5-E1var
Black, Vignette Die Essay on India
Unlisted showing both Franklin and Washington


5-E1b
Black, Vignette Die Essay on Proof Paper


5-E1f
Black, Vignettes Die Essay on Proof Paper


5-E2
6¢ Black
Die Essay on India
The value was later changed to 1¢, as this rate was
deemed more useful than the 6¢ rate slated for long distance
foriegn mail.


5-E3k
1¢ Black
Die Essay on India
The value was later changed to 1¢, as this rate was
deemed more useful than the 6¢ rate slated for long distance
foriegn mail.

1851 US Postage Stamps 5 US 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 5A 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6b 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 7 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8A 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 9 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1851 US Postage Stamp Essays