1851 1¢ - #6b
1¢ - Blue - Type 1C
As type 1b, bottom right ornaments and plume are incomplete.
Bottom left plume complete or nearly complete.
Imperf - Scott #6b - 1857
Deduct 40% for pen cancels for three margins, deduct 40% of three margins,
60% for two margins and for no margins deduct 80%
Value (with 4 margins around the design)
No postmark with gum (MH): $2,000-$4,000
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): does not exist
Issued: April, 1857
Earlies date of use: May 20th, 1857 (showb below)
Plate Size: Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100).
Printer: Toppan, Carpenter, Casilier & Co. using the die-to-relief-to-plate transfer process.
Quantity Issued: Unknown
What you should look for
#6b is a Type Ic design. The design on the bottom is incomplete in that the right full plume and ball are only half complete. The sides of Type Ic are complete. The design at the top is not complete, some of the top ornaments have been burnished off, see the illustration above.
Type 1¢ can be found on ten plate positions, all from plate IV.
A note on the reliefs E and F
There are three positions where the distinguishing characteristics of type 1b are strongly pronounced, these are positions 91L IV, 91R IV and 96R IV. This are called "F" relief positions and command a price premium.
The remaining positions where the distinguishing characteristics of type 1b are less pronounced, these are positions 41R IV (early impressions only), 47L IV, 49L IV, 49R IV, 81R IV, 82R IV, 83L IV and 89R IV are "E" relief positions.
Notes on #6b
1) Type Ic can be found on the perforated stamp as well (Scott #19b)
Why are there only ten positions?
The design of this early issue was too large to allow for the accommodation of the 200 subjects onto one plate. Therefore, each position had to have some amount of the design erased to allow enough room. These erasures accounted for the majority of the types.
What exactly do the plate position numbers mean?
To take the example of 7RI1
7 = Seventh stamp of the 100 on the pane - this number can be from 1 to 99.
R = Right Plane - this letter can be either R or L, L representing the Left Pane
How many plates were there?
There were twelve plates of the 1¢ Franklin made, plate six was never used, probably due to it being damaged in it's creation. Most of the plates were used for both the imperforate and perforated design. Some only produced one type or the other. For instance, plate 12 produced only perforated stamps and the early state of Plate 1 produced only imperforate stamps whilst plate I late (reconstruction) produced both imperforate and perforated stamps. Plate 4 was the last of the imperforate plates to be used.
Click here for a comprehensive, printable, identfication guide. Courtesy of Chris Biason (447kb)
The Inspiration for the Design
Varieties to look for
THE CURL IN C VARIETY
The Essay's and Proofs