1851 1¢ - #7
1¢ - Blue - Type II
12,000,000 - Imperf - Scott #7 - 1851
Deduct 40% for pen cancels for three margins, deduct 40% of three margins,
60% for two margins and for no margins deduct 80%
Value (with 4 margins around the design)
No postmark with gum (MH): $200-$400
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): $8,500-$9,500
Issued: July 1st, 1851
Plate Size: Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100).
Printer: Toppan, Carpenter, Casilier & Co. using the die-to-relief-to-plate transfer process.
Quantity Issued: 12,300,000
What you should look for
#7 is a Type II design. The design on the bottom and top are incomplete or jus the design on the bottom is incomplete in that the very tips of the plumes have been burnished off, the balls at the end of the plumes are missing, however the outer line of the frame (at the top and bottom) is always complete and not broken.
Notes on #7
1) This type II stamps top ornaments are so slightly shaved that it can be easily mistaken for the type I stamps where the ornaments are complete.
How many plates does #7 appear on?
The design of this early issue was too large to allow for the accommodation of the 200 subjects onto one plate. Therefore, each position had to have some amount of the design erased to allow enough room. These erasures accounted for the majority of the types.
What exactly do the plate position numbers mean?
To take the example of 7RI1
7 = Seventh stamp of the 100 on the pane - this number can be from 1 to 99.
R = Right Plane - this letter can be either R or L, L representing the Left Pane
How many plates were there?
There were twelve plates of the 1¢ Franklin made, plate six was never used, probably due to it being damaged in it's creation. Most of the plates were used for both the imperforate and perforated design. Some only produced one type or the other. For instance, plate 12 produced only perforated stamps and the early state of Plate 1 produced only imperforate stamps whilst plate I late (reconstruction) produced both imperforate and perforated stamps. Plate 4 was the last of the imperforate plates to be used.
Click here for a comprehensive, printable, identfication guide. Courtesy of Chris Biason (447kb)
The Inspiration for the Design
Varieties to look for
THE BIG CRACK
THE CURL IN HAIR
THE CHICAGO PERFORATION
The Essay's and Proofs