1851 1¢ - #9
The design is complete at the sides and top but slightly incomplete
at bottom AND the curved lines outside the
labels are recut at top, bottom or both
Imperf - Scott #9 - 1851
Deduct 40% for pen cancels for three margins, deduct 40% of three margins,
60% for two margins and for no margins deduct 80%
Value (with 4 margins around the design)
No postmark with gum (MH): $200-$350
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): $2,000
Printed on both sides
(image of reverse)
Issued: June 1st, 1852
Plate Size: Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100).
Printer: Toppan, Carpenter, Casilier & Co. using the die-to-relief-to-plate transfer process.
Quantity Issued: Unknown
What you should look for
The design on the bottom and top are incomplete in that the very tips of the balls and plumes have been burnished off. The outer frame line at the top and bottom are always complete, BUT has been recut at the top and/or the bottom to make them complete. The inner frame line at the top and/or bottom has sometimes been recut as well.
Notes on #9
1) Plate IV (#9) is derived solely from plate I late (reconstruction). This plate was recut in May 1852, the first stamp from this plate being issued on June 1st, 1852.
3) 113 positions on plate 1 had both the top and bottom lines recut, 40 positions had only the top line recut, 8 positions had only the bottom line recut, 11 positions had a double line recut at the bottom and 4 at the top and 2 positions had a double line recut at both the top and bottom.
4) Stamps with the double recuts (see note #3) are worth more than those with just one recut.
5) There are numerous double transfers, and a few triple transfers, none of which command high prices.
6) A certificate is required for position 4R1L pairs.
How many plates does #9 appear on?
The design of this early issue was too large to allow for the accommodation of the 200 subjects onto one plate. Therefore, each position had to have some amount of the design erased to allow enough room. These erasures accounted for the majority of the types.
What exactly do the plate position numbers mean?
To take the example of 7RI1
7 = Seventh stamp of the 100 on the pane - this number can be from 1 to 99.
R = Right Plane - this letter can be either R or L, L representing the Left Pane
How many plates were there?
There were twelve plates of the 1¢ Franklin made, plate six was never used, probably due to it being damaged in it's creation. Most of the plates were used for both the imperforate and perforated design. Some only produced one type or the other. For instance, plate 12 produced only perforated stamps and the early state of Plate 1 produced only imperforate stamps whilst plate I late (reconstruction) produced both imperforate and perforated stamps. Plate 4 was the last of the imperforate plates to be used.
A note about the recuts
An advanced US collector is generally considered to be someone who has a reasonable collection of the 1¢ or 3¢ recuts, they are fairly inexpensive to buy and a challenge to put together.
A PICTORIAL GUIDE TO THE RECUTS
Click here for a comprehensive, printable, identfication guide. Courtesy of Chris Biason (447kb)
The Inspiration for the Design
Varieties to look for
THE CHICAGO PERFORATION
The Essay's and Proofs