1908-1922 8¢ Washington/Franklins
(read how to identify your stamp below)

Design A
(Washington)
Design B
(Franklin)

This is the 8¢ Washington or Franklin. It is quite common and usually worth no more than a couple of dollars when used, however it can have reasonable value when unused. If you wish to try your luck read on...

DETERMINING THE PERFORATIONS

Count the perforations along the bottom, its as simple as that! Below is a chart indicating the perforations of each Stamps Catalog #. If it is design A then it is 99.9% certain it is #337 or #380, the difference being the watermarking (read below).

Design A
(Washington)
Scotts # Perforations
  10 11 12
337 - - X
363 - - X
380 - - X
Design B
(Franklin)
Scotts # Perforations
  10 11 12
414 - - X
431 X - -
470 X - -
508 - X -

DETERMINING THE WATERMARK

To know which watermark a stamp has, one needs watermark fluid or lighter fluid (both of these are extremely flammable and should be used with extreme caution, outside, in a safe area far away from combustible materials). Soak the stamp in the fluid in small plate with a black or very dark color. The watermark will show, sometimes faintly by looking at the back of the stamp. The watermark fluid will quickly evaporate from the stamp, leaving the stamp and its gum intact.

There are two types of watermark you will come across. These are;


Watermark 191

Watermark 190

The watermark will have part or all of the letters U, S or P, as shown above. The upper USP letters are made of double lines, this is known as watermark 191. The lower UPS is made of single lined letters, this is known as watermark 190. There are several varities that have no watermark. Below is a chart indicating the type of watermakring that can be found on each stamp.

Design A
(Washington)
  Type of Watermark
Scotts #

Double Lined(191)

Single Lined (190) No
Water
Mark
337 X - -
363 X - -
380 - X -
Design B
(Franklin)
  Type of Watermark
Scotts #

Double Lined(191)

Single Lined (190) No
Water
Mark
414 - X -
431 - X -
470 - X -
508 - - X


DETERMINING THE PAPER

Identifying the type of paper the stamp was printed on is not easy. Usually one does not need to bother with this as over 99% of the 8¢ are printed on regular paper and their price is un-affected by the type of paper. There are two types of papers that the Post Office experimented with in an attempt to save on costs. These are all rare, they are;

  1. China Clay Paper - Very rarely on catalog number 337a
  2. Bluish Paper - Catalog number 363 (only exists unused)

China Clay Paper
I challenge most experts to identify this paper. My own opinion is that it should not be listed in Scotts catalog due to the difficulty in its authentication. China clay paper is called an 'experimental' paper. There is no clay in the paper and in fact there is very little to distinguish this paper from normal paper. At there time of printing there was a flood and this caused the water to wash the paper to be dirty, so miscroscopic examination of the paper might reveal particles of dirt in the paper fibers. The flood was short lived, shorter than the printing of this paper, so not all the supposed China Clay papers have this characteristic. To read the stamps history and an independent opinion click here. To see images of the stamps click here.

However, having said all this, certificates are issued for these (on what basis I have no idea), and they do sell at a premium. According to Scotts the paper was accidentally given a high mineral content (its aluminum) and the paper is thick, hard and grayish, often darker than "bluish" paper. The differences are, shall we say, subtle. My advise is not to buy even a certificated version, as Scotts has little supporting evidence to have awarded this category of paper catalog status.

Bluish Paper
If one reads Scotts one is led to believe that the paper used for the 'bluish' paper stamps was comprised of 35% rag stock. Which would lead one to believe that this aids identification. Unfortunately only 10% rag stock was used, making the difference between normal paper and bluish paper subtle. To show you how subtle, look at the stamp on the left, it is made of bluish paper. You can see the paper is just slightly darker. It does, in fact, have a slight greyish-blue tint to it. A bluish paper stamp will require certification.

Bluish Paper Normal Paper